|| Downtown Detroit at cnr Woodward Ave & Adams St, three blocks south of I-75/Fisher Frwy
||Jct BL I-75 & BUS
US-24 at cnr of Woodward Ave & Square Lake Rd between Pontiac and Bloomfield Hills
||Route Map of M-1
||M-1 is known as Woodward Ave for its entire length. Also once a portion
of US-10, Woodward Ave is also
referred to as "Detroit's [or Southeast Michigan's] Main Street.
||M-1/Woodward Ave was designated a Michigan
Heritage Route by the Michigan Department of Transportation-Design
Division in July 1999 and as a National
Scenic Byway by FHWA National Scenic Byways Program on June 13,
||The current M-1 is the only such designation in the history of state
trunklines in Michigan. Prior to 1970, there was no M-1 routing in
the state. M-1 was one of the first of the "single-digit" state routes
in Michigan since the late-1930s and a precursor to several other single-digit
state route designations around Detroit added in the 1970s (e.g. M-3,
the former M-4, M-5 and M-8).
|| In "State Trunkline Needs, 1960–1980," a set of maps prepared by the State Highway Dept's Office of Planning, Programming Division in 1960 many possible additions, upgrades and improvements to the state trunkline system over the ensuing twenty years were depicted. Interestingly, those maps seemed to indicate the general plan was to move the US-10 designation from the Woodward Ave corridor between Detroit and Pontiac over to the I-75/Fisher Frwy once it was completed. A BUS US-10 designation was proposed for what is now M-1 in 1960, but when it came time to relocate the US-10 designation, it went west onto the John C Lodge Frwy and US-24/Telegraph Rd while Woodward itself was designated M-1.
||1970 - US-10 routing
was transferred from Woodward Ave to the John C Lodge Frwy and Telegraph
Rd, and the M-1 designation was created and added to the route.
||Late 1970s - At some point in the late-1970s,
M-1 was either 'chopped' into a discontinuous route in downtown Detroit,
or scaled back to Adams St altogether. When the so-called "Woodward
Mall" was created along the portion of Woodward Ave from US-12/Michigan
Ave & Cadillac Square northerly to Adams St, only public transportation
was allowed on the street, thus relieving this part of the route of
its state highway designation. Official MDOT maps show the portion
of Woodward Ave from US-10/Jefferson
Ave to US-12/Michigan Ave as "M-1" through
1981, and as part of US-12 from
1982-1991, again as M-1 from 1992-1996, and once again as US-12 from
1997-present. Additionally, from 1980-87, Rand McNally maps showed
M-1 as following E Elizabeth St easterly from Woodward to Beaubien
St, then south on Beaubien to M-3/Gratiot
Ave for southbound traffic, and as beginning at M-3/Gratiot
Ave and heading northerly on Brush St to E Columbia St, west on Columbia
back to Woodward Ave for northbound traffic. Since no official source
has been found, to date, to verify this, it can only be assumed M-1
was truncated to Adams St in the 1970s.
||1996 - The name of the downtown Birmingham "bypass" was
changed from Hunter Blvd to Woodward Ave. The older alignment of Woodward
through downtown Birmingham was renamed Old Woodward Ave.
||1999 (July) - The entire length of M-1/Woodward
Ave is designated as a "Historic Heritage Route" by MDOT. See the Heritage
Routes section of this website for more information.
||2001 (Mar 15) - During a spate of jurisdictional
transfers in the City of Detroit, which included several former state
trunklines in the Campus Martius area of downtown being transferred
back to City of Detroit control, M-1 was actually extended south by
three city blocks, or 0.23 mile. The three blocks transferred to the
state, from Adams to Grand River, were part of the segment transferred
to the city in the late-1970s as part of the "Woodward Mall" project.
The southern terminus of M-1 is now Grand River Ave, which is the northern
boundary of Detroit's Campus Martius project. Map
of Campus Martius transfers.
(Apr 1) - In an odd reversal (on April Fool's Day, no less!),
just three years after the route of M-1 was extended southerly along
Woodward Ave from Adams St to Grand River Ave, those same three blocks
were transferred back to the City of Detroit again! No clear
reasoning as been uncovered as to why the three blocks of Woodward
Ave from Adams to Grand River were transferred to state control in
2001 and then back to the City again in 2004.
||No portion of M-1 is freeway or expressway.
|| The entire length of M-1 is part of the NHS. (The segment of M-1 from its southern terminus to I-75 in downtown Detroit was added in 2012 with the passage of the MAP-21 funding and authorization bill.)