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Western Terminus:    I-94 at Exit 171 west of Ann Arbor in Washtenaw Co
Eastern Terminus:    Jct I-96 & I-275 on the City of Livonia/Plymouth Twp boundary in northwest Wayne Co
Length: Updated 22.725 miles
Map: Route Map of M-14
Notes: M-14 is one of Michigan's many non-Interstate designated freeways. Unlike some other states which only build long-distance freeways once an Interstate routing is approved, Michigan has built freeways wherever the need arises. Because of this, "roadfans" (those interested in highway infrastructure and route designations from a hobbyist aspect) often throw out various would-be Interstate designations for these non-Interstate freeways. It has been suggested that MDOT could, at some time, seek an Interstate designation for M-14, possibly in the form of I-394. While improvements have been made to the route over the years, M-14 is still a substandard freeway (in terms of Interstate highway standards) on the north side of Ann Arbor at the Main St and Barton Dr interchanges. Even if this stretch was upgraded, MDOT's general lack of interest in new Interstate designations means the M-14 designation will likely remain as-is indefinitely.
  The route of present-day Old M-14 (Plymouth Rd) was, before the 1960s, the routing of US-12 between Detroit and Ann Arbor.
  In Wayne Co, the former route of M-14 is still a state-maintained trunkline, un-numbered of course. From the Washtenaw/Wayne Co line at Napier Rd southwest of Plymouth to the Redford Twp/City of Detroit limit between US-24/Telegraph Rd and Lamphere, Ann Arbor and Plymouth Rds are still within the state highway system. —Thanks to Dyche Anderson for pointing this one out!
  Ron Wilbanks wrote in to say the State Highway Department had, at one time, planned to designate Plymouth Rd in Ann Arbor from US-23 into downtown as a BUS M-14 routing, but shelved the plan because of local homeowner opposition. MDOT no longer maintains Plymouth Rd in Ann Arbor as a state trunkline, meaning no BUS M-14 routings will be popping up in the near future! —Thanks much to Ron Wilbanks!
  New! In "State Trunkline Needs, 1960–1980," a set of maps prepared by the State Highway Dept's Office of Planning, Programming Division in 1960 showing possible additions, upgrades and improvements to the state trunkline system over the ensuing twenty years, MSHD staff recommended several major upgrades to the route of M-14 during that timeframe. During the time these maps were being prepared, the US-23 freeway bypass of Ann Arbor was under construction and plans to bypass the north side of Ann Arbor with an M-14 freeway were being finalized. The planner's recommendations for M-14 included:
  • An M-14 freeway connecting the I-94/US-12 freeway west of Ann Arbor with the US-23 freeway heading north toward Brighton. This is the freeway that was built soon after, however the only interchange between I-94/US-12 and US-23 was to have been at BUS US-23/Main St. The Miller Rd-Maple Rd and Whitmore Lake Rd-Barton Dr interchanges were added at some point during the freeway's planning stages.
  • An M-14 freeway continuing east from the "east triple-decker" interchange with US-23 northeast of Ann Arbor, again, as was eventually constructed... generally. After passing through an interchange at Dixboro Rd, the freeway would have met existing M-14/Plymouth Rd at Frain Lake (about 1/2 mile northeast of the present day intersection of M-153 & Plymouth Rd) where a realigned M-153 would have also taken off to the southeast. The M-14 freeway would have continued almost due easterly at this point instead of staying north of Plymouth Rd as eventually constructed twenty years later. After crossing into Wayne Co, the M-14 freeway would have started curving to the north, including an interchange at Canton Center Rd north of Warren Rd, another interchange at the existing M-14 along Plymouth Rd west of Haggerty Rd to an interchange with the proposed I-275 in the vicinity of Plymouth Rd.
  • A further extension of the M-14 freeway easterly from proposed I-275 at Plymouth Rd running northeasterly to Newburgh Rd where it would then take over the alignment of Schoolcraft Rd east of that point. From Newburgh Rd easterly to Outer Dr, the M-14 freeway would run along the Schoolcraft Ave corridor much as the I-96/Jeffries Frwy does today. However, at Outer Dr, the proposed M-14 freeway would have interchanged with the proposed I-96/Jeffries Frwy as it had originally been proposed, itself following a much different route than today. The M-14 freeway continue due easterly following Schoolcraft Ave to Wyoming Ave, as opposed to the modern day I-96/Jeffries Frwy which dips to the south to follow the CSX/Fullerton Ave corridor in this area. The M-14 freeway would dip slightly south away from Schoolcraft at Wyoming, transferring to the Davison Ave corridor from there to the western end of the Davison Expwy at the John C Lodge Expwy under construction.
  • Transfer control of the Davison Expwy (the completed portion from the John C Lodge Expwy easterly to Brush St near the proposed Walter P Chrysler Frwy) from county to state jurisdiction and assign the M-14 designation to it.
  • Extend the M-14/Davison Expwy easterly along the Davison Ave corridor (with an interchange at Conant St) to McNichols Rd, then continuing east along the McNichols corridor with interchanges at McNichols/Davison, the proposed M-53/Mound Rd Expwy, existing M-53/Van Dyke Ave, and Outer Dr-Conner St. At Conner, the M-14 freeway would turn southeasterly to follow Conner through an interchange the proposed US-25/Gratiot Expwy (which would've completely replaced Gratiot Ave) to a terminus at I-94/Edsel Ford Frwy, which may explain the somewhat interesting interchange that was designed for Conner St at I-94.
Of all these recommendations, some were almost exactly implemented as planned—those which were likely already well along in the planning stages, like the M-14 freeway between I-94 and US-23 and the portion east of US-23 to Plymouth Rd near M-153—while others were altered significantly or not implemented at all. A "Schoolcraft Ave" freeway had been planned to run through the western Detroit suburbs for some time and much of it was subsumed into the eventual I-96/Jeffries Frwy routing, once a freeway within the Grand River Ave corridor was ultimately rejected. Serious plans to connect I-96 to the M-10/John C Lodge Frwy and I-75/Walter P Chrysler Frwy with an extension of the Davison Frwy were still under consideration—serious or otherwise—into the 1970s. Detroit Mayor Coleman A Young, an ardent opposer of additional freeways within the city, is often credited as having driven any final nails into any hopes of a Davison Frwy extension or any freeway east along McNichols Ave and Conner St.
History: c.1920 The original M-14 in Michigan runs much of the length of the Lower Peninsula. Beginning at the Ohio state line south of Hudson, M-14 continues northerly along the present-day route of US-127 through Jackson and into Lansing. From there, M-14 heads northerly along what later became US-27 through Saint Johns, Alma, Mount Pleasant and Clare to the Houghton Lake area, where M-14 turns westerly along present M-55 past Merritt, thrn northerly through Star City, westerly again through Moorestown to Pioneer, and northerly once again along the present route of M-66 to end at M-13 (later M-131 and US-131, now a county road) at Lodi, 6 miles south of Kalkaska.
  1922 M-14 is rerouted to bypass downtown DeWitt using the present-day route of Old US-27. Formerly, M-14 departed this road to run through downtown DeWitt on Webb Rd, Bridge St and Round Lake Rd.
  1923 M-14 undergoes a major realignment from Houghton Lake northerly—one which makes M-14 now resemble the future route of US-27, to which much of M-14 will be redesignated later in the decade. From the community of Houghton Lake, M-14 now runs along the south and east sides of Houghton Lake into Roscommon (along present-day M-55 and M-18), then northwesterly into Grayling and northerly along the later route of US-27 through Grayling and Indian River, ending at M-10 (later US-23, now M-33), 3 miles south of downtown Cheboygan. The former route of M-14 from Houghton Lake to Merritt is redesignated as M-55, from there to Pioneer it becomes part of M-74, and from Pioneer to Lodi, the former M-14 is redesignated as part of M-66.
  c.1925 On the eve of the designation of the US Highway system, M-14 is routed out of downtown St Louis, turning west from State Rd onto Lincoln Rd, running directly into downtown Alma. The former route of M-14 along State Rd is turned back to local control.
  1926 With the coming of the US Highways, the route of M-14 is drastically scaled back; once reaching to the tip of the Lower Peninsula, M-14 now doesn't make it out of the second tier of counties! What had been formerly designated M-14 from Jackson to Lansing is incorporated into US-127, while all of M-14 from Lansing northerly to Cheboygan becomes part of US-27. Only the segment from the Ohio state line northerly to US-127 near Somerset , where it then runs concurrently with US-127 for 18 miles into Jackson. As to why M-14 continues to run concurrently with US-127 from Somerset into Jackson, it can only be inferred that other plans were originally in store for M-14... or US-127!
  1930 (Nov) Updated The first iteration of M-14 comes to an end when the US-127 designation is removed from the Somerset–Adrian–Blissfield–Toledo route and realigned, instead, to continue southerly supplanting the M-14 designation from Somerset southerly through Addison and Hudson to the Ohio state line, with the concurrent US-127/M-14 routing from Somerset into Jackson becoming just US-127. (The former route of US-127 through Adrian to Toledo becomes US-223.) The second iteration of M-14 begins immediately when a portion of M-79 from Battle Creek to Nashville is redesignated as M-14, with that designation continuing northerly along what had been M-43 from Nashville, through Ionia, to Edmore, with the entire length of the "new" M-14 following roughly along the route of today's M-66 from Battle Creek to M-46.
  1936 M-14 is realigned north of Stanton from Epley, Briggs and Wyman Rds onto only Wyman Rd, ending at M-46 three miles west of Edmore, shaving a mile from the route. Also a minor realignment south of Nashville is completed, moving M-14 from Assyria & Bivens Rds onto Lawrence & Clark Rd.
  1942 (April 13) UpdatedAll of M-14 is redesignated as a part of a relocated M-66 between M-46 west of Edmore and M-78 north of Battle Creek. The M-14 route designation is no longer extant on the state trunkline system and would be absent for 14 years.
  1956 The third incarnation of M-14 is created in mid-1956 when US-12 between Ann Arbor and Detroit is rerouted to the south. The new M-14 begins just west of Ann Arbor at the new US-12 & Jackson Ave interchange (today's I-94 Exit 172), runs through downtown Ann Arbor, then northeasterly past Dixboro, Plymouth and Livonia before ending at US-16 (cnr Plymouth Rd & Grand River Ave) in northwest Detroit.
  1964 A new freeway connecting M-14 with US-23 northeast of Ann Arbor and the jct of M-14 & M-153 opens. M-14 is routed westerly along this new freeway, then westerly along US-23 across the north side of Ann Arbor, then southerly along BUS US-23 to pick up its old route in downtown Ann Arbor. The former route of M-14 along Plymouth Rd and Beakes St is turned back to local control.
  1965 A new segment of the M-14 freeway opens at Ann Arbor between I-94 at present-day Exit 171 and BUS US-23/Main St (present-day Exit 3). The former route along BL I-94/Huron St and BUS US-23/Main St retains those designations.
  1967 (Oct 30) New! The State Highway Dept announces a route for a proposed second Metro Detroit–Ann Arbor freeway. The $32-million, 12-mile long route would connect the eastern end of the M-14 freeway northeast of Ann Arbor with the western end of the I-96/Jeffries Frwy at its proposed interchange with I-275 near Plymouth. Construction of the freeway is anticipated for the 1971–72 timeframe.
  1977 With the completion of the final segment of the I-96/Jeffries Frwy in Detroit and Livonia between M-39/Southfield Frwy and I-275, M-14 is scaled back to end at I-275, shortening the route by more than 14 miles. The former routing of M-14 within the City of Detroit—from the western city limit to Grand River Ave—is turned back to city control. The remainder of the former M-14 between the Detroit city limit and I-275 is retained in the state highway system as an unsigned trunkline.
  1979 The final segment of the M-14 freeway opens between the current end of the freeway at M-153 northeast of Ann Arbor and the I-96/I-275 interchange near Plymouth. The former route of M-14 along Plymouth Rd in Washtenaw Co is turned back to local control, while the portion between the Washtenaw/Wayne Co line and I-275 in Wayne Co is retained as an unsigned state trunkline.
Controlled-Access: The entire length of M-14 is freeway.
NHS: The entire length of M-14 is part of the National Highway System (NHS).
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